Naban Grappling /Ground fighting
In the Kachin systems there really is not a concept of grappling only as grappling, it was viewed as just a part of fighting. The term for ground fighting is Gamu hkyen and the grappling is very much about control. You always want enough control that when in a bad position you can not be hit and when in a good position you can use fouling tactics such as biting and gouging all tactics are always taken into consideration simply because they are always an option and must be protected against and set up to be used. In Kachin forms of Grappling there has never been a concept of the pin as a way to win the match. Much as with the Lethwei of Kickboxing matches go until one competitor submits or gives up.
In the Gamu hkyen match you are allowed to strike with the palm of your hand as long as it brakes the plane of your shoulder and with the sole of the foot. All takedowns are legal and any submission can be used including neck cranks, leg locks, arm locks and chokes. The match is conducted in a circle of raked dirt ,
Like any other techniques biting, gouging and striking must be practiced otherwise you will not be prepared to execute them for real. Along with these techniques submissions to all parts of the body are practiced and perfected. Your striking and fouling tactics can be used to finish your enemy or set up the submission.
One of the most important aspects is the neutralization of bad positions as in the ability to stop a person from submitting or striking you when he is in a dominant position. If you can stop the guy from hurting you it is believed that you will not lose if need be you would turn it into a war of attrition. Each dominant position will have a corresponding neutralization and the first step is learning to maintain basic positions , Neutralizing them, and escaping them. At higher levels the submission itself becomes the position.
The Kachins view the ground not as a place to take the fight but as somewhere you can end up due to the nature of gravity and must be prepared for. In a jungle terrain it can become difficult keeping your balance while in conflict.
In traditional Naban competition open palm strikes and kicks with the sole of the foot are allowed are allowed all submissions are legal. Matches end by submission or loss of consciousness.
Once again the sport of Naban is more or less a practice ground for actual combat. The matches take place outside on the ground in clearings. Sport matches go on until one competitor is unable to continue or gives up. Points are not awarded. It is viewed as a sport of attrition and there is no concept of scoring points or a decision at the end of the match. A throw , palm strike or choke can render an opponent unconscious and any type of submission is legal including small joint manipulation, neck cranks, leg locks and arm bars. The goal is to make your opponent uncomfortable at all times and give up from submission.
There seems to be a strong tie in with ancient Indian forms of wrestling and yogic practices. Naban adapts well to modern MMA practices due to the controlling nature of the grappling and awareness of striking angles.